Thyroid surgery is used to treat thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer, and hyperthyroidism. During this procedure, part or all of the thyroid gland is removed. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the front of the neck.
PROCEDURES: THYROID SURGERY
Thyroid Nodule Thyroid nodules are abnormal growths in the thyroid, a butterfly-shaped gland that wraps around the windpipe (trachea). Most thyroid nodules are harmless, although a small percentage are cancerous. Signs and symptoms of a thyroid nodule include: • Swelling or a lump in the thyroid gland. • Pain and tenderness in the thyroid gland. • Problems swallowing. • A hoarse or scratchy voice that does not go away. << Additional Resources: WebMD
Thyroid Cancer Thyroid cancer is an abnormal growth of the cells of the thyroid gland. Symptoms of thyroid cancer include a lump in the neck, swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, trouble swallowing, trouble breathing, hoarseness, or cough.
Treatment depends on the specific type of thyroid cancer and whether it has spread to other parts of the body. Treatment usually includes surgery, radiation treatments (including radioactive iodine), or chemotherapy. Thyroid cancer generally responds well to treatment. << Additional Resources: WebMD
Hyperthyroidism Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland makes too much thyroid hormone. Excess thyroid hormone can cause symptoms such as tiredness, weight loss, increased heart rate, heat intolerance, sweating, irritability, anxiety, muscle weakness, and thyroid enlargement. << Additional Resources: WebMD
Thyroid Scan A thyroid scan uses a radioactive tracer and a special camera to measure how much tracer the thyroid gland absorbs from the blood. The tracer can be swallowed or can be injected into a vein. It travels through your body, giving off radiation signals. The camera "sees" the signals and can measure how much tracer the thyroid absorbs from the blood. << Additional Resources: WebMD