Central Ohio General Surgeons
Central
Ohio
General
Surgeons
Formerly Lancaster Surgical Associates
The gallbladder is a small pouch that sits just under the liver. The gallbladder stores bile produced by the liver. After meals, the gallbladder is empty and flat, like a deflated balloon. Before a meal, the gallbladder may be full of bile and about the size of a small pear.
PROCEDURES: GALLBLADDER
Gallbladder Tests

Abdominal ultrasound: a noninvasive test in which a probe on the skin bounces high-frequency sound waves off structures in the belly. Ultrasound is an excellent test for gallstones and to check the gallbladder wall.
<< Additional Resources: WebMD

HIDA scan (cholescintigraphy): In this nuclear medicine test, radioactive dye is injected intravenously and is secreted into the bile. Cholecystitis is likely if the scan shows bile doesn’t make it from the liver into the gallbladder.
<< Additional Resources: WebMD

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): Using a flexible tube inserted through the mouth, through the stomach, and into the small intestine, a doctor can see through the tube and inject dye into the bile system ducts. Tiny surgical tools can be used to treat some gallstone conditions during ERCP.
<< Additional Resources: WebMD

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP): An MRI scanner provides high-resolution images of the bile ducts, pancreas, and gallbladder. MRCP images help guide further tests and treatments.
<< Additional Resources: WebMD

Endoscopic ultrasound: A tiny ultrasound probe on the end of a flexible tube is inserted through the mouth to the intestines. Endoscopic ultrasound can help detect choledocholithiasis and gallstone pancreatitis.
<< Additional Resources: WebMD

Abdominal X-ray: Although they may be used to look for other problems in the abdomen, X-rays generally cannot diagnose gallbladder disease. However, X-rays may be able to detect gallstones.
<< Additional Resources: WebMD

Gallbladder Treatments

Gallbladder surgery (cholecystectomy): A surgeon removes the gallbladder, using either laparoscopy (several small cuts) or laparotomy (traditional “open” surgery with a larger incision).
<< Additional Resources: WebMD

Antibiotics: Infection may be present during cholecystitis. Though antibiotics don’t typically cure cholecystitis, they can prevent an infection from spreading.
<< Additional Resources: WebMD

Chemotherapy and radiation therapy: After surgery for gallbladder cancer, chemotherapy and radiation may be used to help prevent cancer from returning.
<< Additional Resources: WebMD

Ursodeoxycholic acid: In people with problems from gallstones who are not good candidates for surgery, this oral medicine is an option.
<< Additional Resources: WebMD
Central Ohio General Surgeons
Main Office Location:
Riverview Medical Center
2405 North Columbus Street, Suite 250
Lancaster, Ohio 43130
P: 740-654-6213
T: 800-819-3100
F: 740-654-3346