Educational information to help you and your families become informed about your operation and surgical care. Here you will find current information about surgical procedures, diseases, tests, and medications from government and professional sources to support you in participating in your surgical care.
Breast Cancer Treatment Different types of treatment are available for patients with breast cancer. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials. A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments for patients with cancer. When clinical trials show that a new treatment is better than the standard treatment, the new treatment may become the standard treatment. Patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Some clinical trials are open only to patients who have not started treatment. << Patient Education by: National Cancer Institute
Colon Cancer Treatment The colon is part of the body’s digestive system. The digestive system removes and processes nutrients (vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and water) from foods and helps pass waste material out of the body. The digestive system is made up of the esophagus, stomach, and the small and large intestines. The first 6 feet of the large intestine are called the large bowel or colon. The last 6 inches are the rectum and the anal canal. The anal canal ends at the anus (the opening of the large intestine to the outside of the body). << Treatment resources by: National Cancer Institute
Colonoscopy A flexible lighted tube fitted with a tiny video camera on the end is inserted into the rectum. The inside of the rectum and entire colon can be viewed for polyps, cancer and diseases such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease. << Patient Education by: American College of Surgeons
Inguinal/Femoral Hernia Hernia occurs when a small tissue bulges out through an opening in the muscles. Any part of the abdominal wall can weaken and develop a hernia, but the most common sites are the groin (inguinal), the naval (umbilical), and a previous surgical incision site. << Patient Education by: American College of Surgeons
Melanoma Treatment Melanocytes are found throughout the lower part of the epidermis. They make melanin, the pigment that gives skin its natural color. When skin is exposed to the sun, melanocytes make more pigment, causing the skin to tan, or darken. << Patient Education by: National Cancer Institute